fell back with about 4,500 badly armed and equipped men, before the advance of Banks
with his 30,000, as well equipped and supplied as men could possibly be, to the 11th of June, when Fremont
were in full retreat for the lower valley and Jackson
was resting near the triple forks of the Shenandoah
, the acknowledged hero of one of the most famous campaigns in history.
Regarding his retreat from Winchester
in March as a confession of weakness, the Federal
government at once ordered the larger part of Banks
' force from the Valley
to the support of McClellan
's columns advancing on Richmond
Marching rapidly from his apparent hiding in retreat, Jackson
fell, on the 23d of March, upon the remaining Federal force in the vicinity of Kernstown
with 3,500 wearied men, and, though mistaken as to his enemy's numbers, joined issue with Shields
' 7,000, and nearly becoming the victor on the battlefield, he compelled the return to the Valley
of all the Federals
that had left it, and to that extent weakened the Federal
army moving toward Richmond
and delayed its operations.
Falling back from Kernstown
, he drew.
and his large army, still further reinforced, after him to Harrisonburg
, where he disconcerted his pursuer by turning across to the Blue ridge
, to a safe position near Swift Run gap, where he reorganized his army; submitted to Lee
a plan of campaign for freeing the Valley
and the mountains beyond, of three threatening Federal advances; got permission to carry out his designs, if he could do so with the aid of Ewell
's division, then across the Blue ridge
from his encampment, and with Johnson
's brigade, which was holding back Fremont
's advance just west of Staunton
On the last of April, while he was deceiving Banks
with a demonstration in his front, Ewell
crossed to the camps Jackson
had evacuated, while he took up his line of march, with his own immediate command, to join Edward Johnson
, by a circuitous route, which involved the crossing of the Blue ridge
twice, thus deceiving friend and foe alike.
on the 5th of May, he forced back Fremont
's advance to McDowell
, where he defeated him in battle, on the 8th, and followed after his retreat until it met his main body at Franklin
where he left the whole Federal force safely disposed of on the 12th.
Marching back to the Valley