an entire day, during which the divisions of Magruder
and G. W. Smith
and all of Johnston
's army train had continued, unmolested, the retreat toward Richmond
That was what Johnston
contended for, and the battle of Williamsburg
enabled him to gain.
By his order D. H. Hill
in the early morning of the 6th and encamped at the Burnt Ordinary
, 1 2 miles from Williamsburg
, early in the morning of the 7th, and on that day the Confederate army was concentrated in the vicinity of Barhamsville
, some 8 miles southwest of the head of the York
The Federal army rested at Williamsburg
, satisfied that it was not prudent to follow a foe whose rear guard had handled them so roughly the day before.
As soon as Yorktown
was evacuated, McClellan
's division to be promptly moved, by water, to the head of the York
and disembarked at Eltham
's landing, on the south side of that river, in the immediate vicinity of Johnston
's line of retreat, which he hoped to intercept.
arrived by 3 p. m. of the 6th, and before day of the 7th had disembarked his division, which was followed in rapid succession by those of Porter
The accompanying gunboats covered Franklin
's landing, and the broad arms of the York
protected his flanks.
He promptly occupied a belt of forest in his front, not far from the road leading from Barhamsville
to New Kent Court House, along which a portion of Johnston
's army was retreating.
Anticipating what happened, Johnston
, on the morning of the 7th, ordered G. W. Smith
to protect this road by advancing troops to drive back Franklin
Placing the brigades of Whiting
in line of battle, Whiting
advanced through the forest, drove in Franklin
's skirmishers, and followed them through the woods, forcing them back, though reinforced with two regiments, to the edge of the forest nearest the river.
S. R. Anderson
's Tennessee brigade was added to the attacking column, and by midday Franklin
was driven under cover of his gunboats.
These and the accompanying transports Whiting
attempted to shell from the edge of the bluff in his front, but the range of his guns was not sufficient to do much damage, nor was his artillery any match for the heavy fire of the gunboats; therefore, as he could accomplish nothing more, he withdrew to his