those leading to the Gaines house
, which was west of the swamp behind Gaines' mill
, and the New bridge
over the Chickahominy
's guide conducted Ewell
, by a road leading to Walnut Grove church on the main river road, west instead of east of the right flank and rear of McClellan
's new position.
This brought Ewell
face to face with A. P. Hill
, instead of some distance to his left, thus paralyzing the movements of each of these division commanders.
D. H. Hill
, who had been ordered to report to Jackson
, pushed forward, from Mechanicsville
, on the road leading to Bethesda church and Porter
's right rear.
By 2 p.m. Jackson
had D. H. Hill
's division in front of Old Cold Harbor
, pressing forward upon Porter
's right flank and rear, through fallen timber and tangled brushwood, which the enemy had provided as a defense to the rear of his right flank.
This forward movement was opposed by sharpshooters.
, at Walnut Grove church, in front of which his line of battle, under A. P. Hill
, was advancing toward the enemy's position beyond Powhite swamp, had ordered Jackson
to continue his eastward course, strike Porter
's rear and threaten his communications with York river
, expecting this closing down upon his front, flank and rear would drive him down the Chickahominy
Having, by strenuous efforts, got his troops in position north of Old Cold Harbor
ordered forward Bondurant
's battery to draw the fire of the Federal
guns and thus reveal their position, which was screened by intervening forests.
The furious fire that this action drew, furnished Jackson
the information he wanted, at about 2:30 p. m., just as Hill
was moving his division to assault the Federals
at New Cold Harbor
, having already driven Porter
's skirmishers from Gaines' mill
and the immediate line of Powhite swamp.
Knowing that Longstreet
was on his right, Hill
, with his usual impetuous ardor, dashed across Powhite swamp and the obstructions that had been placed behind it, and rushed against the strong batteries and intrenched lines of the Federal
center, and in fierce contention strove, for two hours, to carry the strong Federal position.
He forced Porter
to call for help, and at 3:30 Slocum
added his 5,000 men to the defense.
had endured this fierce contest without assistance.
Of course he could not with his single attacking line, against formidable obstacles, drive from