march in the early morning of the 8th, drive in the Federal
cavalry, and occupy a favorable position where the road to Culpeper
crosses the low watershed between the Rapidan and Cedar run
The day was intensely hot. the roads dusty, and both animals and men suffered fearfully.
A misunderstanding of orders by one.
of his division commanders, which led to an interference of marching columns, added to the delay caused by the heat and the dust.
On the morning of the 9th, Jackson
moved forward and drew up his line of battle in the edge of the forest that crowned the Cedar run
watershed, at right angles to the road and to the range of low hills known as the Cedar Run
or Slaughter's mountain
, that, covered with forest, extended parallel to the road and at right angles to his line on his right.
A road ran along the top of this broken ridge, which Jackson
proceeded to occupy with artillery and a portion of Ewell
The basin of Cedar run
, crossed by that stream about a mile in his front, lay spread out before him, the larger portion of it divided into the fields of cultivated plantations, but with patches of forest, especially on its western side, along which ran the highway to Culpeper
, on the west of which was a low ridge, mostly covered by forest but gashed with fields extending from the road to its crest.
, by a glance over the field of contest, discovered that he had secured an advantageous position for disposing of his troops for either attack or defense.
He turned Ewell
's division, which was in advance, to the eastern side of the Culpeper
road, and Ewell
himself, leading his right, advanced it to Cedar mountain
, accompanied by a number of guns, for which he found good positions on the slope and crest of Slaughter
's brigade was formed on the left, followed by Hays
' and Trimble
's division was ordered to support Early
, but in echelon, extending his line to the left of the Culpeper
Several batteries followed, on Early
's right, through the open fields, while those of Winder
followed the highway.
Early's skirmishers soon advanced and drove back the Federal
cavalry across Cedar run
Numerous Federal batteries, from the slopes beyond the run, opened on him as he advanced, but these were promptly answered by those on Jackson
's left, center and right, and an active artillery duel was kept up for nearly two hours.