arrival of A. P. Hill
, R. H. Anderson
Later in the day, in a letter to President Davis
, he wrote: ‘This victory of the indomitable Jackson
and his troops gives us renewed occasion for gratitude to Almighty God for His guidance and protection.’
The great military engineer
who commanded the Confederate forces now gathering at Sharpsburg
, had had ample time to examine the position he had chosen and to reach conclusions, from its topographic conditions and those in front of it, as to the direction from which his adversary would probably make his attack; and he was doubtless well satisfied that these conditions would bring the attack upon his left, which, by military rule, would be held by the ‘indomitable Jackson
He at once gave orders for that victory-compelling leader to move toward Hagerstown
and take position guarding the left of his army.
With his usual caution, Jackson
had brought his troops to the vicinity of Sharpsburg
by a concealed way, and he now, in like manner, marched them into position, at and beyond the Dunker church, and gave his men opportunity to rest and prepare for the coming conflict.
, in person, came to the front on the morning of the 16th, and when the fog lifted from the valley of the Antietam
, he carefully examined, from the hillcrown-ing Try house, the long and bold stretch of commanding ridge which Lee
occupied, and hastened to report to Washington
that he was confronted not only by a ‘strong position,’ but by a ‘strong force.’
He spent the day putting his formidable army in position and extending both its flanks beyond those of the opposing one.
had anticipated, late in the afternoon of this day, Mc-Clellan sent Hooker
's corps, followed by Mansfield
's, across the Antietam
, by way of the stone bridge at Try's mill, some distance beyond Lee
's left, where they went into bivouac.
The ever-watchful Stuart
quickly informed Lee
of this movement, and confirmed his views as to the direction from which he would be attacked.
There were three bridges across the Antietam
by which an attack could be made.
The one on Lee
's right, now known as the ‘Burnside bridge,’ was about a mile to the southeast of Sharpsburg
About a mile below that the river was fordable.
On the road leading north of east from Sharpsburg
was another bridge, opposite the center of