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[115] Sloan; Capt. W. R. Terry's cavalry, and Capt. Geo. S. Davidson's section of Latham's Virginia battery.

In the Federal army, the losses were well distributed through the three divisions that did the fighting, under Brigadier-General Tyler, Colonel Hunter and Colonel Heintzelman. Measured by the gauge of losses, the main fighting was done, in Tyler's division, by the brigades under Col. E. D. Keyes, Brig.-Gen. R. C. Schenck and Col. W. T. Sherman; in Hunter's division, by the brigades under Col. Andrew Porter and Col. A. E. Burn. side; and in Heintzelman s division, by the brigades under Col. W. B. Franklin, Col. O. B. Willcox and Col. O. O. Howard; the greatest losses were in the brigades of Sherman, Porter and Willcox.

Longstreet states that after McDowell's forces were in full retreat from the Bull Run battlefield, orders came to the Confederate brigades at the lower fords, directing them to cross and strike the retreating enemy on the line of the Washington turnpike; that under these orders, Bonham's brigade advanced, with instructions to strike the enemy at the crossing of Cub run, about midway between stone bridge and Centreville; while Longstreet's brigade crossed at Blackburn's ford, with instructions to strike the enemy at Centreville. Obstructions in the road to Cub run diverted Bonham toward Centreville; so both these brigades sought the same objective and came under Bonham as the ranking officer. Their line of march led through the Federal camps which had been abandoned in retreat. In passing through these camps, says Longstreet:

We found their pots and kettles over the fire, with food cooking; quarters of beef hanging on the trees, and wagons by the roadside loaded, some with bread and general provisions, others with ammunition. When within artillery range of the retreating column passing through Centreville, the infantry was deployed on the sides of the road, under cover of the forests, so as to give room for the batteries ordered into action in the open, Bonham's brigade on the left, Longstreet's on the right. As the guns were about to open, there came a message that the enemy, instead of being in precipitate retreat, was marching around to attack the Confederate right. With this report came orders, or report of orders, for the brigades to return to their positions behind the run. I denounced the report as absurd, claimed to know a retreat, such as was before me, and ordered the batteries to open fire.

At that moment one of Johnston's aides peremptorily ordered that the batteries should not open, and when

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