previous next
[23] north of 36° 30′ thus withdrawing it from the jurisdiction of a slave State.

5. An Act was passed to abolish the domestic slave trade within the District of Columbia.1

These five Acts constituted the famous Compromise of September, 1850. At the first, this Compromise was condemned both by extreme abolitionists at the North and by extreme secessionists in the South. By the abolitionist, because it tolerated slavery in New Mexico, and provided for the due execution of the Fugitive Slave Law; and by the secessionists, because it admitted the great State of California as a free State into the Union, and this notwithstanding a considerable part of it lies south of the Missouri line. Nevertheless, it gradually made its way to public favor, and was hailed by the conservative masses, both North and South, as a wise and judicious arrangement. So far had it enlisted the general approval, that in June, 1852, the National Conventions of both the Democratic and Whig parties bestowed upon it their approbation, and expressed their determination to maintain it. They both resolved, to employ the language of the Democratic platform, that they would ‘resist all attempts at renewing, in Congress or out of it, the slavery agitation, under whatever shape or color the attempt maybe made.’2

On this subject the Whig platform is specific and emphatic. Its eighth and last resolution is as follows:3

‘That the series of Acts of the thirty-second Congress, the Act known as the Fugitive Slave Law included, are received and acquiesced in by the Whig party of the United States as a settlement in principle and substance of the dangerous and exciting questions which they embrace; and, so far as they are concerned, we will maintain them and insist upon their strict enforcement, until time and experience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legislation to guard against the evasion of the laws on the one hand, and the abuse of their powers on the other —not impairing their present efficiency; and we deprecate all further agitation of the question thus settled, as dangerous to ’

1 9 U. S. Laws, 48, Sept. 20.

2 Greeley's Political Text Book, 1860, p. 20.

3 Ibid. p. 19.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
United States (United States) (1)
Missouri (Missouri, United States) (1)
California (California, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
U. S. Laws (1)
Horace Greeley (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1860 AD (1)
June, 1852 AD (1)
September, 1850 AD (1)
September 20th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: