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[97] secession of South Carolina: ‘If it [the Declaration of Independence] justifies the secession from the British Empire of three millions of colonists in 1776, we do not see why it would not justify the secession of five million of Southrons from the Federal Union in1861. If we are mistaken on this point, why does not some one attempt to show whereinand why I For our own part, while we deny the right of slaveholders to hold slaves against the will of the latter, we cannot see how twenty millions of people can rightfully hold ten, or even five, in a de tested Union with them by military force. * * * If seven or eight contiguous Stat shall present themselves authentically at Washington, saying, “We hate the Federal Union; we have withdrawn from it; we give you the choice between acquiescing in our secession and arranging amicably all incidental questions on the one hand and attempting to subdue us on the other,” we could not stand up for coercion, for subjugation, for we do not think it would be just. We hold the right of self-government even when invoked in behalf of those who deny it to others.So much for the question of principle.’

In this course the ‘Tribune’ persisted from the date of Mr. Lincoln's election until after his inauguration, employing such remarks as the following: ‘Any attempt to compel them by force to remain would be contrary to the principles enunciated in the immortal Declaration of Independence, contrary to the fundamental ideas on which human liberty is based.’

Even after the cotton States had formed their confederacy, and adopted a provisional Constitution at Montgomery, on the 23d February, 1861, it gave them encouragement to proceed in the following language: ‘We have repeatedly said, and we once more insist,that the great principle embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of American Independence, that Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, is sound and just; and that if the Slave rates, the Cotton Stat, or the Gulf States only, choose to form an independent nation, they have A clear Moral right to do 80. Whenever it shall e clear that the great body of Southern people have become conclusively alienated from the Union, and anxious to escape from it, we will do our best to forward our their views.’

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