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 in the councils of his State no man maintained the courage of his convictions with more boldness and constancy. Captain T. Sumter Means, M. D., of Spartanburg, one of the leading physicians of northern South Carolina, was born in 1833, son of James K. and Margaret (Clowney) Means. His father, of Virginian and English descent, was a soldier of the war of 1812; his maternal grandfather, Samuel Clowney, was a native of Ireland who served in the Continental army. Of the latter it is related that on one occasion he brought in five British prisoners, and on being asked how he secured their surrender, replied: ‘I surrounded them.’ Dr. Means was reared in Spartanburg county, was graduated in medicine at the university of Pennsylvania, and after a year's practice in the hospitals of that city embarked in his profession in Florida. In March, 1861, he enlisted in the Confederate service and was elected lieutenant of the Prairie Guards, First Florida regiment, with which he served at Pensacola until the spring of 1862, winning promotion to the rank of captain. He commanded his company in the battle of Shiloh, where the men suffered terribly, and all the officers of the company were either killed or wounded, leaving a sergeant in command at the close of the first day's battle. Captain Means was severely wounded, and soon afterward started for home to recover, but was captured at Huntsville, Ala., and held there for several months. After his exchange he was for some time on detached duty, and then entered the medical department, and served in a Georgia hospital until commissioned surgeon of the Thirty-second Georgia regiment. He was on duty with this command on James island, Charleston harbor, until Sherman's invasion, and then at various points until the surrender at Greensboro. After this event he resumed the practice at Glenn Springs, and in 1871 made his home at Spartanburg. He is a member of the State and county medical societies, and enjoys an extensive practice. In 1863 he was married to Calina E. Moore, a descendant of the early settlers of the county. Captain Franz Melchers, a veteran of the German artillery, and widely known as the editor of the Deutsche Zeitung, of Charleston, was born in Oldenburg, Germany,
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