previous next
[303] of 98,797 men was increased to 112,819, according to the returns of May 31st.

On the 5th of May, Johnston's army was concentrated near Dalton. Stewart's and Bate's divisions were in Mill Creek gap, Stewart on the north of the stream and Cheatham on his right, extending about a mile on the crest of the ridge. Walker was in reserve. Stevenson faced north across Crow valley, his left touching Cheatham's right on the mountain. Hindman extended Stevenson's right, and Cleburne lay in front of Dalton, facing in the direction of Cleveland.

Thomas was about Ringgold, Schofield at Red Clay on the railroad to Cleveland, and McPherson at Gordon's mills. A glance at the map will show the general positions of the armies. Sherman's report states that the pass between Tunnel Hill and Dalton, known as Buzzard Roost, was narrow, well obstructed, and strongly defended by artillery, preventing an attack in front against Dalton. An attack from the north was likewise to be avoided on account of ‘a strong line of works behind Mill creek.’ Hence McPherson was ordered to advance to Snake Creek gap, at the southern extremity of Rocky Face, whence it was a short march to Resaca, on the railroad 18 miles south of Dalton. Johnston was aware of this, but he had decided to make no fight to hold the Dalton position, and did not attempt effectively to hold Snake Creek gap. He reckoned on the length of time it would take his enemy to reach Resaca, and knowing that he could get his own army there in one night's march, held on at Dalton until compelled to let go.

On the evening of the 7th, the Federal line had advanced past Tunnel Hill to Mill Creek gap. On the 8th there was sharp fighting on Rocky Face before Dalton, in one place Pettus' Alabamians, and at Dug gap, Reynolds' Arkansans and Grigsby's Kentuckians, handsomely repelling all assaults.

On the next day there was a vigorous Federal attack,

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
May 31st (1)
May 5th (1)
8th (1)
7th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: