of 98,797 men was increased to 112,819, according to the returns of May 31st.
On the 5th of May, Johnston
's army was concentrated near Dalton
's and Bate
's divisions were in Mill Creek gap, Stewart
on the north of the stream and Cheatham
on his right, extending about a mile on the crest of the ridge.
was in reserve.
faced north across Crow valley
, his left touching Cheatham
's right on the mountain.
's right, and Cleburne
lay in front of Dalton
, facing in the direction of Cleveland
was about Ringgold
at Red Clay
on the railroad to Cleveland
, and McPherson
at Gordon's mills.
A glance at the map will show the general positions of the armies.
's report states that the pass between Tunnel Hill
, known as Buzzard Roost
, was narrow, well obstructed, and strongly defended by artillery, preventing an attack in front against Dalton
An attack from the north was likewise to be avoided on account of ‘a strong line of works behind Mill creek
was ordered to advance to Snake Creek gap, at the southern extremity of Rocky Face
, whence it was a short march to Resaca
, on the railroad 18 miles south of Dalton
was aware of this, but he had decided to make no fight to hold the Dalton
position, and did not attempt effectively to hold Snake Creek gap.
He reckoned on the length of time it would take his enemy to reach Resaca
, and knowing that he could get his own army there in one night's march, held on at Dalton
until compelled to let go.
On the evening of the 7th, the Federal
line had advanced past Tunnel Hill
to Mill Creek gap.
On the 8th there was sharp fighting on Rocky Face
, in one place Pettus
' Alabamians, and at Dug gap, Reynolds
' Arkansans and Grigsby
's Kentuckians, handsomely repelling all assaults.
On the next day there was a vigorous Federal attack,