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[305]

Before Resaca, Loring had held back the enemy until Hardee's and Hood's corps arrived and took position. Then the army was formed in two lines, Polk and Hardee facing west, with Polk's left on the Oostenaula, while Hood faced northwest, his right extending to the Connesauga river. Sherman's army approached these lines on the 13th, and on the 14th skirmishing began all along the Confederate front. The only advantage the enemy gained was on Polk's front, where Logan reached a ridge the Confederates had held, intrenched, and resisted the attempt to drive him out. With his cannon he commanded the Confederate pontoon bridges. Hood attacked the Federal left in the afternoon, striking Howard and Stanley. In this combat the larger share of the fighting fell to Stevenson's division, in which was the Georgia brigade of Alfred Cumming, which won from General Stevenson the remark, ‘I was much gratified by the gallantry with which the movement was made.’

The fight on the 15th was inaugurated by the advance of Hooker, which Hindman's line bravely met. Although several vigorous assaults were made, they were all repelled by Hindman's first line alone. Major-General Stevenson had early in the day assumed the position from which he had been recalled the night before. Here, by the order of General Hood, he placed a four-gun battery in position some 80 yards in front of his line of infantry. Before it could be properly supported, its fire was opened and this drew upon it so fierce an attack that the guns could not be drawn back to the main line of the division. But Brown's and Reynolds' brigades opened an effective fire upon the Federals, driving them back from the guns. General Hood was now under renewed orders to advance, and Stewart had actually assailed the Federal left, when the order was countermanded upon positive information that the Federals had crossed the Oostenaula to the westward, at Lay's or Tanner's ferry, and pushed back Martin's

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