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[306] cavalry. Near this point Jackson's Georgia brigade made a fierce assault upon the greater part of Sweeney's division under Corse, and met a bloody repulse. The Confederate army crossed the river at midnight while the Federals were asleep, and the main body marched south of Calhoun while Hardee held back the advance of Thomas. On the 16th, while Thomas' main army confronted Johnston near Calhoun, McPherson was marching toward Rome, and Schofield and Hooker on the left toward Cassville.

Johnston, not finding a good position at Calhoun, withdrew the following night to Adairsville, and took position while Cheatham and Wheeler held back the enemy, who skirmished actively throughout the day in his front. On that day the cavalry division of Brig.-Gen. William H. Jackson, 3,700 strong, arrived from Mississippi, and on the next day French's division, of Polk's corps, joined the army. Johnston does not state that he was aware that he was being flanked on each side while at Adairsville, but he says: ‘The probability that the Federal army would divide gave me a hope of engaging and defeating one of the columns before it could receive aid from the other.’ On the morning of the 18th, the Federals at Adairsville again found Johnston gone. Hardee's corps had marched to Kingston, Polk's and Hood's to Cassville.

Johnston intended to turn back and overwhelm the column following him from Adairsville. On the 19th Hood was directed to advance on a country road parallel to the main road to Adairsville, and east of it, while Polk took that road straight back. While Polk attacked in front, Hood would turn the enemy's flank. News that a battle would be fought was received by the troops with exultation, as it had been at Resaca. But when General Hood had advanced two or three miles he was informed that the enemy was approaching the rear of the right of the position he had just vacated, and he fell back and took position across the Canton road. General Thomas

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