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[312] captured from the enemy more than 500 prisoners, as many horses, and 5 standards.

Sherman now grew anxious to get to the railroad with his main command. Stoneman and Schofield worked their way down on that line as far as Acworth on June 3d, and Sherman finally established connection. From Dallas, he had been fighting his way backward. After a delay of ten days and heavy loss, he had not gained a step toward Atlanta, and with the single exception of the fight at Dallas, had received a bloody repulse at every point.

Johnston's position had become untenable on account of the advance on his right, and consequently, on the 4th of June, he gained and established a new line, still more defensible, along the Brush, Pine and Lost mountains, across the railroad and before Marietta near Kenesaw mountain. Here he held Sherman for a month.

At this time the three divisions of Polk's army of Mississippi with Johnston were Loring's, French's and Cantey's, with artillery. The army under Johnston thus increased, numbered, according to the return of June 10th, 6,538 officers and 63,408 men present for duty. The effective total was returned at 60,564; aggregate present 82,413, guns 187. About 12,000 of the effective force were in the cavalry. Sherman's army was also stronger than at the opening of the campaign, by the reinforcements sent him from the rear. The return of May 31st showed an infantry strength of 4,651 officers and 89,659 men; cavalry, 12,908 officers and men; artillery, 5,600; total, 112,819. Blair's corps, about 9,000, was not with Sherman on the New Hope line, and several brigades were engaged in guarding communications at the rear.

About the time that the army crossed the Etowah, Governor Brown ordered the militia and civil officers of the State to assemble at Atlanta. These were exempt from conscription by the Confederate States government, but

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