up closely, pressed the Confederate
, overlapping Hood
, captured prisoners of the Fortieth Alabama regiment.
's skirmishers, being far in front and attacked by a line, were forced back.
, penetrating between Lost mountain
and Gilgal church, where the line was held by skirmishers, put his artillery in position to take Hardee
's Georgia brigade, near Gilgal church, by a strange oversight came near being cut off and captured.
As they made their escape, Olmstead
's First volunteer regiment suffered considerable loss in killed and wounded.
On the night of the 16th, Johnston
abandoned the Gilgal church
and Lost mountain
line with all the intrenchments, drawing Hardee
's corps, his left, back behind Mud creek
, the remainder of the line holding its ground.
This disposition made an angle at the junction of Hardee
's right and Loring
's left, and exposed the troops near the angle to an enfilade fire.
The Federal right approached Hardee
's position, resisted by Jackson
's cavalry division as well as 2,500 men could contend with 25,000.
set his engineer, Colonel Prestman
, to preparing a new line (the third before Marietta
), the famous one which included the crest of Kenesaw mountain
On the 18th there was heavy skirmishing while the new line was being prepared.
On that day six companies of the Sixty-third Georgia charged and retook some abandoned rifle-pits, holding them all day against a heavy fire of infantry and artillery, and suffering considerable loss.
On the 19th, the Confederate army took the new position, which in its full extent, including the thin lines of cavalry on the flanks, formed a semi-circle about Marietta
on the west and north.
was massed on the north between the railroad at the foot of Kenesaw
and the Canton
on the mountain, and Hardee
ward between the branches of Nose's creek.