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[325] which the enemy had already begun earthworks. They halted under fire to adjust their distance from Maney of Hardee's corps, who was advancing on their right, and then sweeping on with a deafening yell planted their colors on the breastworks at different places on a half mile front. Scott's Alabamians captured, lost and recaptured a four-gun battery and the flag of a New Jersey regiment, forcing the enemy back with the loss of some prisoners and many killed and wounded. But a deadly enfilading fire, made possible by want of adequate support, soon compelled Featherston and Scott to fall back to the cover of a ridge, where they kept up the fight till dark. Loring's other brigade, Adams', then arrived, and the division was ordered to fall back after removing the greater number of its dead and wounded, which was accomplished by 9 o'clock; but many brave men were left in and before the Federal works. Featherston lost 616 killed, wounded and missing out of 1,230 first taken into the fight, and the losses of Scott ran the total for Loring's division up to 1,062.

Walthall had a similar experience. Cantey's brigade on the right swept everything before it until it struck the enemy's works, when in emerging from the woods and thickets it came under a flank fire, which caused the brigade to retire; but it was rallied and sent in again, yet without success. It, however, captured 293 prisoners, but lost 279 killed, wounded and missing. A portion of the left of Reynolds' brigade also entered the Federal works, and here again an enfilading fire forced this brigade back, but it continued its attacks until dark, losing 67 out of 540 engaged.

At 4 o'clock Hardee advanced Bate on the right, Walker in the center, Maney on the left, and Cleburne in reserve. Bate had such a difficult task getting through the thickets, and was so far to the east of Thomas' line, that his advance was not effective. Walker struck the east flank of Newton's position, where the

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