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[331] forty or fifty yards without being perceived, and pressed forward under a deadly fire from the entire division and two regiments of Leggett's division, up to the breastworks occupied by our troops, and until the men could reach one another across them with their bayonets, and the officers used their swords in hand-to-hand encounter. . . . This assault lasted three-quarters of an hour. In a short time the enemy again advanced from the direction of Atlanta, and at the same time attacked from the flank and rear, using grape and canister and heavy musketry, rendering it necessary to abandon a large portion of the works which had been held by the Fourth division and by part of the Third division. A new line was now formed facing south and extending east from the crest of Bald hill. . . . These dispositions of the two divisions were made under a heavy fire of musketry and artillery from the advancing enemy, composed of fresh troops, selected doubtless for the occasion. It was Cheatham's division, of Hardee's corps, commanded by Brigadier-General Maney. They made a determined and resolute attack, advancing up to our breastworks on the crest of the hill, planted their flags side by side with ours, and fought hand to hand until it grew so dark that nothing could be seen but the flash of the guns from the opposite side of the same works. The enemy seemed determined to take the hill, which was the key-point to the whole of the line, and controlled, to a great extent, the position held by the other corps.

About 3 p. m. Cheatham and G. W. Smith's Georgia State troops were ordered to attack the Federal position from the Atlanta side.

The assault by Cheatham's corps from the direction of Atlanta fell in part upon the Federal position about Bald hill, and with equal severity further north upon Logan's corps, then under Morgan L. Smith. A Federal division on the north of the railroad in the old Confederate works was driven back in confusion, and DeGress' artillery battalion and other guns near the railroad were captured. The Confederates turned the guns on the Federals now attempting to rally in their former line. But Wood's division of Logan's corps, and Mersey's brigade, came

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