On the 25th and 26th the President
visited the army and was enthusiastically received by the troops.
During this visit Lieutenant-General Hardee
was supplanted by Major-General Cheatham
, and on October 5th was given command of the department of South Carolina, Georgia
, which had been under the charge of Maj.-Gen. Samuel Jones
since April 20th. Gen. Howell Cobb
was put in command of the district of Georgia.
September 29th, Hood
began his northward movement with the entire army, crossing the Chattahoochee
, and the next day moved toward the line of Dallas
, with Jackson
's cavalry at Powder Springs
was fully aware that he could not remain at Atlanta
with his great army depending on the Western & Atlantic railroad for supplies.
Neither did he feel able to move south against Hood
He supposed Forrest
would cut his railroad, but it could not be helped, he said, for Forrest
could travel 100 miles while his own cavalry went 10. ‘I have sent two divisions up to Chattanooga
and one to Rome
, and Thomas
started to-day to clear out Tennessee
As soon as advised of Hood
's crossing of the Chattahoochee
toward his rear, Sherman
left General Slocum
and his corps to guard Atlanta
and the Chattahoochee bridge
, and started northward in pursuit of Hood
with five corps.
reached the vicinity of Lost mountain
on the 3d, and on the 4th General Stewart
's corps struck the railroad at Acworth
and Big Shanty, capturing 400 prisoners and some stores.
's division, about 3,000 strong, was sent against Allatoona
, one of Sherman
's most important depots, where were stored about 1,000,000 rations.
The Federal garrison of 890 men, under Colonel Tourtellotte
, had been reinforced by Gen. John M. Corse
with one brigade, 1,054 strong, from Rome
, the orders being transmitted mainly by the signal stations established on the summits of the hills and mountains along the Federal
line of communication.