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 request of General Pemberton he acted under the orders of that officer at various points in Georgia and Florida. On November 4, 1862, he was commissioned brigadiergeneral. He accompanied Gen. E. Kirby Smith to the Trans-Mississippi department, where he acted as chief of staff to the close of the war. Subsequently he was architect at Savannah, from 1868 to 1870 chief engineer of the Lexington & St. Louis railroad, thence until 1875 civil and mining engineer at St. Louis. Since 1875 he has been professor of mechanics and drawing at the Virginia agricultural and mechanical college, Blacksburg, Va.
Brigadier-General William M. Browne was born in England. After coming to America he edited for awhile a daily paper at Washington, D. C. Uniting his fortunes with those of the Confederate States, he was appointed an aide on the staff of President Davis, with the rank of colonel of cavalry. He served with such fidelity and ability in the department of organization as to win the friendship and high regard of the President, who had such a good opinion of his ability as an organizer that he commissioned him brigadier-general in December, 1864, and sent him to Savannah, where he commanded a brigade in the division of Gen. Hugh W. Mercer during the siege of that city by Sherman's forces. Lieutenant-General Hardee, who was in command, did not expect to be able to hold Savannah against a determined attack, but did hope to hold it long enough to compel Sherman to pass by the city, in order to communicate with the Federal fleet and obtain the supplies which he was sure to need after his long march from Atlanta to the sea. This, Hardee thought, would give time for the arrival of hoped — for reinforcements from Virginia. General Browne, in the organization of his brigade, made up of government machinists from the public shops of Augusta, convalescents from hospitals
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