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[417] a hundred young men in gaining college education, president or treasurer of a number of other institutions, and. one of the Georgia commissioners in charge of the new penal system of the State. With unabating regard for his Confederate comrades, he has taken great interest in the work of the United Confederate Veterans and other organizations of like character. His residence is Atlanta, Ga.


Brigadier-General William M. Gardner

Brigadier-General William M. Gardner was born in Georgia, from that State was appointed to the United States military academy, and was graduated in 1846, just in time to serve in the war with Mexico as brevet second lieutenant of the First infantry. He was engaged in the siege of Vera Cruz and in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, in the last receiving a severe wound, and by his gallantry in both winning the brevet of first lieutenant. Recovering from his wound he was subsequently on garrison duty and scouting expeditions and other service of a soldier in the regular army, rising to the rank of captain. He resigned January 19, 1861, when his native State seceded from the Union, and was with the first troops that went to Virginia in 1861, as lieutenant-colonel of the Eighth Georgia regiment, of which the lamented Bartow was colonel. In his report of the battle of First Manassas, General Beauregard, speaking of the time when the Confederates were hard pressed, says: ‘Heavy losses had now been sustained on our side, both in numbers and in the personal worth of the slain. The Eighth Georgia regiment had suffered heavily, being exposed, as it took and maintained its position, to a fire from the enemy, already posted within a hundred yards of their front and right, sheltered by fences and other cover. It was at this time that Lieutenant-Colonel Gardner was severely wounded, as also several other valuable officers.’ Toward the close of that day, while leading his brigade in a victorious charge, the colonel

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