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[419] county. Their son, Lucius Gartrell, was educated at Randolph-Macon college, Va., from 1838 to 1841, and at the university of Georgia for one year. He studied law in the office of Robert Toombs, at Washington, Ga., and was admitted to the bar by the Lincoln superior court in 1842. Forming a partnership with Isaiah T. Irwin, he began the practice at Washington, the county seat of Wilkes. For four years from 1843 he was solicitor-general of the Northern judicial circuit, and was for some time a partner of Garnett Andrews, for many years judge of the superior court of the Northern judicial circuit. In 1847 and 1849 he was elected to the State legislature, where he introduced the celebrated ‘Southern rights resolution,’ which set forth succinctly and vigorously the doctrine of State rights. In 1855 he canvassed Georgia in opposition to the ‘Know Nothing’ party; in 1856 was an elector on the Buchanan ticket, and in 1857 and 1859 was elected to represent his district in Congress. There he took a prominent stand in defense of the Southern position on all the political questions that agitated the country. When Georgia seceded from the Union he withdrew from Congress with the entire delegation from Georgia, with the single exception of Joshua Hill. He organized the Seventh Georgia regiment, was elected its colonel; at First Manassas led this celebrated regiment, and was by the side of General Bartow when the latter received his mortal wound, catching him in his arms as he fell from his horse. Colonel Gartrell's son, Henry Clay, a youth of sixteen years, had insisted on following his father to the field and was killed in this battle. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston mentioned Colonel Gartrell in his official report as greatly distinguished in this battle. In October, 1861, he was almost unanimously elected to represent the Fourth congressional district of Georgia in the Confederate Congress. At the expiration of his term he returned to the army and was made brigadier-general August 22, 1864. He organized four regiments

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