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[422] diploma. In May he rejoined his regiment and accompanied it to Virginia, receiving about the same time promotion to adjutant of the regiment. He served in Virginia, participating in the fighting at Langley's farm, until the winter of 1861-62, when he was elected and commissioned colonel of the Fifth regiment Georgia State troops. This regiment he commanded on the coast of Georgia during the six months enlistment, and then organized a regiment, of which he was commissioned colonel, which was mustered in as the Thirtysec-ond regiment Georgia infantry. He continued to serve in this rank, but in command of a brigade, from July, 1863, for about fifteen months, until the winter of 1864, when he was promoted to brigadier-general. With his regiment he took a prominent part in the defense of Charleston during the operations of 1863, participating in several skirmishes on James island, one of the most important avenues to the city, which he zealously defended, part of the time being in command of Fort Johnson. He also alternated in command on Morris island with Gen. Johnson Hagood, of South Carolina, and Gen. Alfred Colquitt, of Georgia, as long as the Confederates held the island. During the assault upon Fort Wagner, July 22, 1863, he arrived with his regiment to the reinforcement of the garrison at a critical moment and precipitated the disastrous defeat of the enemy. He was also in command on John's island, during the fight which continued for several days, and in all these positions manifested great ability and stubborn valor. After the fall of Fort Wagner, he was transferred to Christ Church parish, with headquarters at Mount Pleasant, and he remained at that post for some time, part of his command garrisoning the ruins of Fort Sumter, where the Confederate flag still floated until February, 1865. During part of 1864 he was in command at Florence, S. C., where he built a stockade for Federal prisoners, and had charge of about 25,000 captives, who were so humanely treated

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