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 collector of internal revenue at Savannah, afterward postmaster and later postwarden of the city of Savannah. He continued to reside in that city until his death in 1898.
Brigadier-General Hugh W. Mercer, a grandson of Gen. Hugh Mercer, of revolutionary fame, was born in Virginia in 1808. In 1824 he was appointed a cadet at the United States military academy, and graduated in 1828 as second lieutenant, Second artillery. He served at Fortress Monroe, Va., in the artillery school for practice, then at Savannah, Ga., and at the arsenal in Augusta. From December, 1832, to February, 1834, he was aide-de-camp to Major-General Scott, being commissioned first lieutenant of artillery October 10, 1834. He was at Charleston, S. C., during the nullification excitement (1832-33), at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. (1833-34), and on quartermaster duty at Savannah, Ga. (1834-35). On April 30, 1835, he resigned. He was first lieutenant of the Chatham artillery from 1835 to 1845, and cashier of the Planters' bank at Savannah from 1841 to 1861. When Georgia seceded from the Union he entered the service of the Confederate States as colonel of the First Georgia volunteer infantry, and on October 29, 1861, was commissioned brigadier-general. He was in command of Savannah during the greater part of the war, with a brigade composed of his own and the Fifty-fourth, Fifty-seventh and Sixty-third Georgia regiments. Part of the Sixty-third had served in Virginia in the First Georgia twelve months troops, and in Tennessee under Gen. E. Kirby Smith. During 1863 General Mercer brought these troops to a high state of efficiency in drill and discipline, and when ordered to Dalton in the spring of 1864 he commanded the largest brigade in the army. Just before this the Confederate government had made a new issue of Confederate money. When the command reached Dalton, the other soldiers dubbed them ‘New Issue,’ but on the first occasion that called for fighting they conducted
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