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[35] became brigadier-general, and fell gallantly leading a brigade in Cleburne's division at Chickamauga.

When the Thirteenth regiment of Georgia volunteers was organized, Walker Ector was made colonel; Marcellus Douglass, lieutenant-colonel, and James M. Smith, major. The adjutant was O. K. Walker; commissary, J. H. Mangham, and quartermaster, M. Gormerly. The captains were J. H. Mitchell (A), James McCallay (B), J. L. Moore (C), W. W. Hartsfield (D), W. A. Clark followed by B. P. Brooks (E), S. W. Jones (F), J. T. Crawford (G), Richard Maltby (H), E. W. Robinson (I), J. A. Long (K). This regiment served in 1861 in West Virginia; in December of that year was sent to Gen. R. E. Lee, then commanding at Charleston; in the spring of 1862 served on the Georgia coast with distinction on Whitemarsh island, and was sent back to Virginia with Lawton's brigade in time to take part in the Seven Days battles. From that time it served in the army of Northern Virginia until the close of the war. Upon the death of Colonel Ector early in 1862, Marcellus Douglass was appointed colonel. He was killed at Sharpsburg while gallantly leading his regiment and was succeeded by James M. Smith. John H. Baker, at that time major of the regiment, was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and afterward was commissioned colonel.

Other organizations of this early period were the Georgia legion, commanded by Col. Thomas R. R. Cobb, with P. M. B. Young as lieutenant-colonel and Ben C. Yancey, major. It was composed of seven companies of infantry, four of cavalry and one of artillery. A similar legion was organized and commanded by Col. William Phillips. The First Georgia battalion was organized under Lieut.-Col. J. B. Villepigue, the Second battalion under Maj. Thomas Hardeman, and the Third under Lieut.-Col. M. A. Stovall.

About the time of the battle of Manassas, Georgia had organized 17,000 men, armed and equipped them herself at

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