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[41] the defense of Petersburg. In 1865 it participated in the campaign of the Carolinas, surrendering with Johnston, April 26, 1865. Colonel Boyd was succeeded by Andrew J. Hutchins and J. H. Neal; Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson by A. J. Hutchins, James H. Neal, T. W. Flynt and R. B. Hogan; Major Hutchins by J. H. Neal, J. W. Hooper, C. W. Mabry and William Hamilton; Adjutant Perkins by S. G. Turner. Of the captains, Johnston was followed by John Morrison; Neal by Denis S. Myers; Beall by R. B. Hogan and A. J. Richardson; Mabry by D. H. Sims; Curtis by A. H. Black and William Hamilton. Flynt on promotion was succeeded by Captain Elliott, who was killed in action; J. B. Beall had for his successor J. W. Really; Chambers was succeeded by T. W. Abercrombie, and he by Captain Lester; and Hooper on his promotion to major was succeeded by A. J. Rowe.

The organization of the Twentieth regiment Georgia volunteers was as follows: William Duncan Smith, colonel; J. B. Cumming, lieutenant-colonel; John A. Jones, major; J. O. Waddell, adjutant; Capts. A. B. Ross (A), John A. Strother (B), Roger L. Gamble (C), James D. Waddell (D), R. D. Little (E), E. M. Seago (F). John R. Ivey (G), J. A. Coffee (H), Van A. Leonard (I), William Craig (K). This regiment served in the army of Northern Virginia throughout most of its campaigns, also at Chickamauga and in east Tennessee under Longstreet, returning to Virginia in time for the spring campaign of 1864. Colonel Smith was promoted to brigadier-general and ordered to Charleston, S. C., where he died of fever in October, 1862. He was succeeded by J. B. Cumming, and J. D. Waddell was colonel. On the promotion of Lieutenant-Colonel Cumming, Maj. John A. Jones was advanced, and he being killed in battle was succeeded by E. M. Seago. When Major Jones was promoted, Roger L. Gamble took his place, and was afterward succeeded by J. D. Waddell, on whose promotion William Craig became major. Captain Leonard was succeeded by C. H. Miner.

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