was the first of the war. The total force under the command of General Garnett
at Laurel hill
and Rich mountain
, after the arrival of Ramsey
's First Georgia, amounted to 4,500 men, a large number of whom were sick in the hospital.
Against this little Army McClellan
advanced with 20,000 men. On the 7th of July General Morris
, commanding one of McClellan
's divisions, about 8,000 strong, marched to a position one mile and a half in front of Laurel hill
, while McClellan
himself, with the rest of his force, advanced to Roaring creek
, about two miles from Colonel Pegram
's position on Rich mountain
The First Georgia moved out in front of Laurel hill
July 8th, and soon encountered the Federal
skirmishers, who, after the shelling of the woods by their artillery, attempted to occupy a position which included a round hill in front of Belington.
, seeing them, quickly deployed his men, and exclaiming, ‘Up the hill, boys!
and remember you are Georgians,’ led a gallant charge, which drove back the enemy with some loss.
For several days skirmishing continued in front of Laurel hill
, and on the 9th, while in ambuscade before the camp, the Georgians were under a heavy fire for several hours.
On the 11th General Rosecrans
led a strong force from McClellan
's army around Pegram
's left flank, and about two miles in rear of his position.
was making his attack at Rich mountain Morris
was subjecting Garnett
's troops at Laurel hill
to a lively bombardment.
Late in the evening of the 11th Garnett
was notified that Rich mountain could no longer be held.
Accordingly he gave orders for the immediate evacuation of Laurel hill
In a pouring rain, which had continued almost without intermission since the previous morning, the Confederates
began their retreat to Beverly
, sixteen miles distant from Laurel hill
and only five miles from Rich mountain
When within five miles of Beverly Garnett
, being falsely informed that the Union