narrows to Causton's bluffs, or by any other mode by which you can better accomplish it.’
It was a feature of the siege of Pulaski
that the Federals
were never able wholly to isolate the fort from communication by some of the marshy channels with the city.
On February 18th, following the disaster at Fort Donelson
, General Lee
was ordered by the war department to withdraw all forces from the islands in his department to the mainland, taking proper measures to save the artillery and munitions of war. About March 1st the works on Cumberland
and Amelia island
were abandoned, and Captain Blain
's company was ordered to Savannah
The military situation had now become very grave through the Federal
successes in Kentucky
An intimation of what might be expected from the meeting in battle of the largely superior forces of the enemy and the overconfident soldiers of the Confederacy
, had been furnished by the affair at Fishing creek
, where General Zollicoffer
was killed and the army of Crittenden
This was followed by a levy of troops, made February 2d, in which Georgia
was called upon for twelve regiments.
Soon afterward came the news of the surrender of Forts Henry
and the occupation of Nashville
In view of these conditions President Davis
telegraphed General Lee
, March 2d, ‘If circumstances will, in your judgment, warrant your leaving, I wish to see you here with the least delay.’
On reaching Richmond
was appointed military adviser of the president, and on March 14th, Maj.-Gen. John C. Pemberton
an officer of the old army, of fine reputation as an engineer, was appointed to the command of the department of South Carolina and Georgia.
Meanwhile General Lawton
had pressed for. ward the work of fortification.
was strengthened, shore batteries were located near it, and the battery at Thunderbolt was protected and reinforced.
Toward the last of March scouting parties from the