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[106] should be sent up the Georgia streams, each carrying 100 negro soldiers and extra arms, and that the whistle should be sounded at landings to call in the slaves, who should be enlisted and armed. The boat would then proceed as before until, he said, ‘we should very soon have occupation of the whole country.’ A few days later a similar expedition was made up the Doboy river, and a sawmill was raided and the lumber, saws, etc., were carried away. Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, of Boston, commander of this negro regiment, led it in another expedition early in 1863, on board three steamers. On the St. Mary's river they were attacked by a daring body of Confederate cavalry. Higginson reported that ‘though fearful of our shot and shell, they were so daring against musketry, that one rebel sprang from the shore upon the large boat which was towed at our stern, where he was shot down by one of my sergeants.’ Colonel Higginson was on a collecting expedition, and picked up 2500 bars of railroad iron from St. Simon's and Jekyll islands, from abandoned Confederate forts, some ‘valuable yellow pine lumber,’ rice, resin, cordage, oars, a flock of sheep, horses, steers, agricultural implements, and ‘40,000 large-sized bricks.’ The real conductor of the whole expedition up the St. Mary's, Colonel Higginson went on to say, was Corp. Robert Sutton, of Company G, formerly a slave upon the St. Mary's river. ‘In every instance when I followed his advice the predicted result followed, and I never departed from it, however slightly, without finding reason for subsequent regret.’ Further said the colonel: ‘No officer in this regiment now doubts that the key to the successful prosecution of this war lies in the unlimited employment of black troops.’ On September 30th a reconnaissance was made by several New York companies up the May river from Fort Pulaski, which resulted in the destruction of some valuable salt works at Crowell's plantation, above Bluffton. Colonel Barton, commanding, reported that he

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