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[108] which would put him in front of Blunt. When this point was reached and it was decided to march against Herron, Monroe's brigade of Arkansas cavalry was sent down the Cane Hill road, ordered to make Blunt believe it was the advance guard of the main force. Monroe performed his work so well that he entirely deceived Blunt. At the same time Hindman, with Shelby's brigade in advance, moved out on the Cove Creek road. Between daylight and sunrise Marmaduke struck Herron's cavalry, routed it, took nearly a hundred prisoners and drove it back on the main body. The infantry were coming out of the mountains just at the time the cavalry fight occurred, and hearing the firing and seeing the prisoners moving to the rear, they were so inspired and so eager to get into the fight that with a shout they struck a double-quick of their own accord.

When he came to the direct road connecting Blunt and Herron, Marmaduke sent Gordon's regiment down it, with orders to hold Blunt in check at every cost. Gordon chose a strong position and drove back every detachment sent out on that road, which induced Blunt to make a march north of eight miles, and then east four miles to form a junction with Herron. Hindman's force consisted of Marmaduke's cavalry division, Parsons' and Frost's Missouri infantry divisions, and Shoup's and Fagan's Arkansas divisions. When Hindman arrived on the field (December 7th) Marmaduke told him where Herron was and advised an immediate attack. Hindman ordered Shoup to take position on the center, and to attack Herron at once and vigorously. Shoup left, but returned in about twenty minutes and informed Hindman that he had formed his division en echelon—so that he could front to meet an attack from either Herron or Blunt—and he thought that the best disposition to make. Frost endorsed what Shoup had done, and both of them being West Pointers and plausible talkers, Hindman permitted himself to be persuaded to accept their view, and told

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