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[131] commander of the district at Little Rock. General Holmes further showed his approval of the movement by temporarily assigning to General Marmaduke, Col. George W. Carter's brigade of Texas cavalry, which, with a four-gun battery, aggregated about 1,500 men. This gave Marmaduke a force of about 5,000 men and two 4-gun batteries.1 He moved April 20th. The first garrisoned town after crossing the Missouri line was Patterson, where Colonel Smart, a notorious marauder, was stationed with an equally notorious militia regiment. Marmaduke particularly desired to capture the regiment and its commander, and Colonel Giddings, of Carter's brigade, was given the honor of taking in the pickets and surprising the town, while Shelby made a detour with the view of capturing those who escaped. But Giddings, instead of capturing the pickets or charging them and entering the town with them, opened on them two miles from town with a section of artillery, and Smart and his regiment took to instant flight, not taking time in their haste to destroy some valuable commissary and quartermaster stores.

Marmaduke learned that Gen, John McNeil, of infamous memory, was at Bloomfield with about 2,000 men, and under orders to move to Pilot Knob. Of all men in the State the Missouri troops would rather have captured McNeil. Marmaduke sent a strong force to drive him toward Pilot Knob, intending to intercept him at Fredericktown,

1 The organization of Marmaduke's command, May 20, 1863, is given as follows: Carter's brigade, Col. George W. CarterCol. N. M. Burford's regiment, Lieut.-Col. D. C. Giddings' regiment, Maj. C. L. Morgan's squadron, Reves' partisan company, Capt. J. H. Pratt's battery; Burbridge's brigade, Col. John Q. BurbridgeBurbridge's regiment (Lieut.-Col. W. J. Preston), Col. R. C. Newton's regiment; Shelby's brigade, Col. Joseph O. ShelbyCol. Beal G. Jeans' regiment; Shelby's regiment (Lieut.-Col. B. F. Gordon), Col. G. W. Thompson's regiment, Maj. Benjamin Elliott's battalion, Maj. David Shanks' battalion, Capt. Richard A. Collins' battery; Greene's brigade, Col. Colton GreeneGreene's regiment (Lieut.-Col. Leonidas C. Campbell), Col. W. L. Jeffers' regiment, Col. M. L. Young's battalion, Capt. L. T. Brown's battery, Lieut. James L. Hamilton's battery.

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