, under Col. G. W. Thompson
; and three batteries—aggregating 2,300 men. This force was gradually concentrated at Princeton
, nearly midway between Camden
and Pine Bluff
By a night march Marmaduke
reached Pine Bluff
the next morning before seven o'clock.
was taken completely by surprise, but it was Sunday morning and his troops were in line for inspection.
, supposing he would be overawed by superior force, sent in a flag of truce by a staff officer demanding his surrender.
refused to surrender, but the sending of the flag of truce caused a delay of a half hour or more, and Clayton
improved the time by constructing fortifications of cotton bales on all the streets leading to the court house in the public square, in which the greater part of his force was concentrated.
was to attack on the left and Newton
on the right, while Greene
held the center.
was slow in getting into position, which caused a further delay.
attacked promptly and drove the Federals
in his front into the fortifications, and Newton
did the same in his front directly afterward.
, however, behind his cotton bales and in a strong brick building which was practically protected by the surrounding buildings from the fire of the artillery, occupied a position from which it was difficult to dislodge him. Marmaduke
got possession of the buildings fronting on the square, and a hot fire was kept up for several hours between his men in them and the Federals
in the court house, without any particular result.
Fire was tried, but the court house being a hundred yards from the burning buildings, the Federals
were not seriously affected.
At last the situation resolved itself into a charge on the fortifications and court house, with the certain loss of several hundred men, or an abandonment of the attack.
After serious consideration Marmaduke
decided to withdraw.
The Fifth Kansas, Clayton
's regiment, followed him, and in an open field about a mile from town Greene
's regiment turned upon