which the State
It also authorized him to appoint a major-general, who should have command of all the troops of the State
This position was offered to General Price
and accepted by him.
was of an old Virginian family, was educated at Hampden-Sidney college, then studied law, and in 1831 moved with his father's family to Missouri
and settled on a farm in Chariton county
, which was ever after his home.
In 1840 he was elected to the legislature, and was chosen speaker of the house.
He owed this distinction, of course, rather to his general character and personal accomplishments than to his knowledge of parliamentary law and the business of legislation.
But he filled the position acceptably.
Four years afterward he was elected to Congress.
But shortly after taking his seat war was declared against Mexico
, and he resigned, returned to Missouri
and raised a mounted regiment, which was accepted by the government, and he was assigned to the command of it. With a similar regiment, raised and commanded by Col. A. W. Doniphan
, he crossed the plains and took possession of New Mexico
Several battles were fought and won by the combined force, chief among them the battle of Sacramento
The victory gained in this battle was instrumental in giving the Americans
possession of the territory out of which, after the close of the war, the States of California
, and the Territories
and New Mexico
At the close of the war with Mexico
he returned to Missouri
, was elected governor of the State
, and served in that capacity four years. In 1860 he supported Douglas
, and in the election of delegates to the State convention, he opposed secession and was elected by a large majority.
He was chosen president of the convention when it met, and was the recognized leader of the Conditional Union party outside of St. Louis
But the capture of Camp Jackson and the ruthless killing of