watched the battle from a convenient height.
Col. Colton Greene
and Maj. James R. Shaler
commanded the troops of the division in the battle.
was strong in artillery, and the battle opened with the fire of forty odd pieces in position along his left.
The guns of the enemy promptly replied, and there was a continuous fire between them for three hours or more.
At the same time, the State Guard forces were frequently engaged in detached attacks, their artillery firing over them, and were steadily pressing the enemy back.
On the right Rosser
met a cavalry charge and repulsed it, capturing one piece of a battery which had been pushed forward to support the charge.
's regiment charged a battery and found it strongly supported by three regiments.
Though unable to capture it, Burbridge
held his ground until Rives
' regiment came to his assistance, when both the battery and its support retired precipitately.
About three o'clock General Price
changed his tactics and ordered an advance.
The First brigade was brought to the front and the whole line closed up for a united charge on the enemy's center.
Before this Curtis, finding it impossible to drive the Confederates
, had begun to maneuver with his greater force to turn their flanks.
The flanking movements were checked, and the enemy driven back-by the First and Second brigades, the one on the left and the other on the right, and the charge of the whole line which followed drove the enemy's line back a mile beyond Elkhorn Tavern
, making the ground lost by them since the beginning of the fight nearly two miles. In the charge the troops of the State Guard did the hardest fighting.
They had to cross a large corn field, swept by the artillery of the enemy, while the Federal infantry had a great advantage from their position in the edge of the timber.
The Guard never faltered, but crossed the field with a rush and swept the Federals
, infantry and artillery, backward before them.
In this engagement the batteries