these commands were ordered back by General Lee
, haunting the north bank of the Rappahannock
, had observed Ewell
's movement into the valley and believed it meant mischief to the North
When he found Longstreet
he also started for the Potomac
An army between the capital and invasion was the one besetting desire of Halleck
, intent on defending Washington
, consummate master of all strategy, no sooner had seen Hooker
fairly in pursuit of Ewell
than he took his hand off Fredericksburg
, and A. P. Hill crossing the mountains marched with Longstreet
and on to Chambersburg
's army was in Maryland
keeping between Lee
, on June 26th and then Hooker
, chafing under Halleck
's restrictions and unable to control events, with a great battle in the air, asked to be relieved from his command.
succeeded him. This changed altogether the current of Lee
moving northwest from Frederick
, intent on loosening his grip from the river, Lee
became fearful for his own communications and the safety of Richmond
, naked before her foe. General Dix
was at Fortress Monroe
, and before a resolute attack Richmond
might have fallen.
The capture of Harrisburg
was abandoned; Longstreet
were ordered eastward through the passes of South
mountain, and Early
back from the Susquehanna
himself drew back from his invasion, striving to engage Meade
's attention by a diversion east of the mountain.
had seen through his great adversary's purpose.
Having selected the general line of Pipe creek
for his defense, he now threw his left wing forward to Gettysburg
as a mask Already Lee
was disposed to make sure of the same point.
The shadow of the mighty battle was on them both.
On the 1st of July, 1863, the vanguards of the two