ostensibly dispatched to provision the garrison of United States troops besieged in Charleston harbor
The besiegers were vigilant to prevent the occupation of the fort by reinforcements.
Upon the entrance of a fleet sent by Lincoln
under its protection, April 12th, the Confederates
opened fire upon the fort, compelling the surrender of the garrison.
To permit it to be revictualed would have been to yield its possessions to the naval forces of the United States
, and with it, the Carolina coast
was ready to admit, with all his opposition to the Southern
movement, ‘Whether the bombardment and resistance of Fort Sumter
shall or shall not be justified by posterity, it is clear that the Confederacy
had no alternative but its own dissolution.’
(American Conflict, Vol.
I, p. 449.)
Further finesse and movements for position were deemed no longer necessary after the bombardment of Fort Sumter
The President laid aside disguise, and dispensed with further suppression of his scarcely-concealed designs.
In violation of the Constitution
which vested the power to declare war and raise and support armies in Congress alone, unless to protect a State against invasion, upon application of the legislature, or the governor thereof when the legislature cannot be convened, President Lincoln
issued his proclamation, April 15th, calling out the military force of the country to suppress ‘combinations,’ as he termed States which had seceded, naming the States in which such combinations existed, not yet including Arkansas
The secretary of war
accordingly sent a requisition on the several States for their quotas of 75,000 troops called for, and including Arkansas
. Governor Rector
, of Arkansas
, promptly replied to this demand as follows: ‘In answer to your requisition for troops from Arkansas
, to subjugate the Southern States
, I have to say that none will be furnished.
The demand is only adding ’