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[281]

The dispersion of the Confederates in Arkansas was not attended by even a single scene of disorder. The government wagons, ambulances and mules in their hands the soldiers divided among themselves amicably. The separations, after years of common toil and danger, were pathetic. But undoubtedly all felt a measure of relief in the realization that the horrid drama was ended. The Trans-Mississippi was the last to surrender.

In general orders, dated April 21, 1865, Gen. E. K. Smith exhorted the soldiers of the Trans-Mississippi to stand by their colors:

Great disasters have overtaken us. The army of Northern Virginia and our general-in-chief are prisoners of war. With you rest the hopes of our nation, and upon your action depends the fate of our people. . . . Stand by your colors, maintain your discipline. The great resources of this department, its vast extent, the numbers, the discipline and the efficiency of the army will secure to our country terms that a proud people can with honor accept. . . .

General Magruder issued similar orders, and the men remained steadfast. Then came the news of the convention between Gens. Joseph E. Johnston and Sherman to arrange terms of surrender in North Carolina, which reached them the last days of April. Taylor and Canby and Smith and Osterhaus made terms of surrender at Baton Rouge on the 26th of May. There was a little engagement at Brazos Santiago about the 11th of May, after the entire army east of the river had surrendered, and before Kirby Smith and Canby had entered into terms, but the last Arkansas Confederate had laid down his arms. A few, with Col. J. C. Monroe, went to Mexico.

Had the settlement of peace, which they welcomed, been left to the soldiers who had contended against each other, there would have been no bitterness to follow. But the non-fighters, who had not participated in the

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