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[282] battles, were now to be placated with difficulty and have an opportunity, when danger was over, to appease their offended patriotism and gratify a growing desire to ‘rally round the flag.’ Yet, after years of political strife, the result is finally, in all departments, a lofty and practical reconciliation. This result attests the reach of nineteenth century civilization, and the superiority of a government which can stand the strains to which nations are subject without weakening, and without losing the esteem of contemporary states and the approval of history.

The following is a copy of the cartel under which military operations ceased west of the Mississippi:

Terms of a Military Convention entered into this 26th day of May, 1865, at New Orleans, La., between Gen. E. Kirby Smith, C. S. Army, commanding the department of Trans-Mississippi, and Maj.-Gen. E. R. S. Canby, U. S. Army, commanding the army and division of West Mississippi, for the surrender of the troops and public property under the control of the military and naval authorities of the Trans-Mississippi department.

I. All acts of war and resistance against the United States on the part of the troops under General Smith shall cease from this date.

II. The officers and men to be paroled until duly exchanged, or otherwise released from the obligation of their parole by the authority of the government of the United States. Duplicate rolls of all officers and men paroled to be returned by such officers as may be designated by the parties hereto, officers giving their individual paroles, and commanders of regiments, battalions, companies or detachments signing a like parole for the men of their respective companies.

III. Artillery, small-arms, ammunition and other property of the Confederate States government, including gunboats and transports, to be turned over to the officers appointed to receive the same on the part of the government of the United States; duplicate inventories of the property to be surrendered to be prepared, one copy to be retained by the officer delivering and the other by


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