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[321] the service as cavalry under Colonel Jones, and was at the skirmishes on the Little Missouri and Prairie d'ane, and the battles of Marks' Mills and Jenkins' Ferry, in April, 1864; and during the raid to the Missouri river took part in the battles of Pilot Knob, Booneville, Independence and Marais des Cygnes, September, 1864.

The Twenty-third Arkansas infantry, as originally organized, had for its field officers: Col. Charles W. Adams, of Helena; Lieut.-Col. Simon P. Hughes, of Clarendon; Maj. J. S. Robinson, of Chicot county. The commanders of companies were: Capt. A. A. Adair, of Craighead county; Capt. E. McAllister, of Crittenden county; Capt. Henry Hillis, of Craighead county; Capt. John Clendenin, of Phillips county; Capt. W. W. Smith, of Monroe county; Capt. Thomas Westmoreland, of Poinsett county; Capt. J. H. Robinson, of Chicot county, and after his election as major, Captain Craycraft, of Chicot; Capt. Simon P. Hughes, of Monroe, and after his election as lieutenant-colonel, Capt. John B. Baxter, of Monroe; Captain Seward, of St. Francis county; Capt. Brown Dolson, of Cross county. The regiment was reorganized after the battle of Shiloh, and the following field officers elected: Col. O. P. Lyles, of Crittenden county; Lieut.-Col. A. A. Pennington, of Clark county; Maj. E. R. Black, of Monroe county; Adjt. C. W. Lewis, of Crittenden; Quartermaster McMurray, of Chicot; Commissary Norton, of Phillips county. The Twenty-third was engaged in the battles of Iuka and Corinth. It was united in a brigade with the Fifteenth, Sixteenth, Eighteenth and Col. Batt. Jones' battalion, and sent to the defense of Port Hudson under Colonel Lyles, going through the siege. Its officers and men were surrendered and eventually exchanged, after which the regiment was mounted. Capt. W. W. Smith, of Monroe, was elected associate justice of the supreme court, in which position

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