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[369] strong, made a gallant charge and part entered the Federal breastworks, losing 6 killed and 52 wounded.

Cleburne, transferred to Bald Hill, east of the city, was in battle on the 21st. His division occupied some slight defenses south of the Georgia railroad, and was formed with Smith's brigade on the right, Govan's in the center, and Lowrey's brigade on the left, across the railroad. Their position was attacked by detachment after detachment of the Federal army, which were successively repulsed all day, but with some losses to the Confederates. That night Cleburne was withdrawn to make a night march against the south flank of the forces which he had resisted all day. This movement, in which all of Hardee's corps participated, brought on the battle of Atlanta, July 22d. The battle raged throughout the afternoon, with alternating success and continuous and terrible slaughter, finally ending with Hardee in possession of most of the Federal line assailed, and the credit of winning the only decided success about Atlanta. From General Govan's report of this battle, it appears that the Second Arkansas, under Lieutenant-Colonel Brasher, was first engaged, as skirmishers. The brigade struck the enemy directly in flank, but also found unexpected intrenchments facing them, and during the hot fight which followed, part of the Second and Twenty-fourth Arkansas, being called into the Federal lines by a mock offer to surrender, were captured. Colonel Murray, leading Govan's other wing, was successful, and the Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Nineteenth captured a battery of six guns. Govan was now fighting on both sides of the Federal main line, and a gallant charge by his right wing rescued those of his men who had been captured, and took two more guns and several hundred prisoners.

The valor of the Arkansans was never more manifest than on that bloody day, when the Federal veterans fought with desperation, and would not give up their intrenchments until bayonetted, though assailed both in

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