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[373] General Cheatham, and was among those in the march upon Franklin, November 30, 1864, when Schofield (whom we first became acquainted with as a captain at Oak Hills), now a general, commanded the Federal army that halted, closely pursued by Hood, on the banks of the Harpeth. It was a position chosen temporarily, offering in the steep banks of a winding river a natural stronghold where an attack might be repulsed by a retreating force, only too anxious to get away and form a junction with Thomas at Nashville, seventeen miles distant, behind permanent fortifications deemed impregnable. Hood resolved to intercept Schofield or destroy him before he could reach Thomas, and overtook him at Franklin. Schofield threw up earthworks and formed abatis across the isthmus of a peninsula made by a bend of the pretty little Harpeth river. The country around Franklin had been long cultivated, and presented no cover for the approach of an attacking force. A few trees, forming a grove here and there for a woodland pasture, or a shade about the houses and barns of a suburban residence, was all there was of timber, and there were but few depressions in the broad savannahs of the winding river which were cultivated up to the banks.

When Hood caught sight of the enemy from the hills south of the town, he instantly ordered a charge. Stewart's command had moved that day right in front. The battle was fought by the infantry. Stewart's corps was on the right of the line of battle, and Cheatham's on the left. The forward movement began at 4 o'clock. As the shadows were lengthening, the remnant of the army of Tennessee moved with intrepid step across the yet quiet fields upon the intrenchments of the enemy. The approaching night gave increased glare to the sheets of flame that leaped from beneath the enemy's headlogs to meet the advancing lines. The outer works were carried with but little delay, and Wagner's division made prisoners by Cleburne's and Brown's men. The First Arkansas,

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Harpeth River (Tennessee, United States) (2)
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