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[375] never advanced without having measured his adversary, and was ever as discreet as he was courageous. Of him it was well understood that when placed in charge of a line, he held it until relieved, or if he decided to advance, it was to drive the enemy—except once, and then he gave up his life. His remains were buried at Columbia; then at Ashwood, the private cemetery of the Polk family, and finally at Helena by the Ladies' Memorial association, beneath a modest shaft in the Confederate cemetery. The pretty village of Franklin has erected a memorial college, called the Battle Ground academy, on the walls of which should be inscribed the tribute of General Hardee to Cleburne, ‘When his division defended, no odds could break its lines; when it attacked, no numbers resisted its onslaught, save once—and there is the grave of Cleburne.’

Maj.-Gen. (afterward governor and senator) William B. Bate of Tennessee, who fought in that battle, in an address delivered on the ground, October 5, 1889, thus spoke of Cleburne: ‘Just to the left there fell Major-General Cleburne, whose name in history is circled with a halo as bright as the sunburst on the green flag of his native Ireland.’ President Jefferson Davis, writing of the battle of Franklin in his ‘Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government,’ pays the Arkansas chieftain a tribute which ranks him with Jackson and Lee as the third star in its galaxy of military leaders: ‘Around Cleburne thickly lay the gallant men who in his desperate assault followed him with the implicit confidence that in another army was given Stonewall Jackson; and in the one case, as in the other, a vacancy was created which could never be filled.’

Arkansas regimental commanders who fell in the battle of Franklin were, Maj. J. C. Bratton, Ninth, wounded; Maj. A. T. Meek, Second and Twenty-fourth, and Capt. M. P. Garrett, First and Fifteenth, killed. At Nashville the survivors of Cleburne's division

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