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‘  with signal gallantry and resolution so long as hope remained. . . . Most of their field pieces had been disabled . . . and the fight was against an enemy whose ample artillery was still efficient, who had mastered their defenses, and whose numbers were several times their own.’ On March 17, 1863, Churchill was commissioned major-general in the army of the Confederate States. After his exchange he was ordered to report to General Bragg in Tennessee, but was soon transferred to the Trans-Mississippi, where he bore an honorable and active part in the Red river campaign, in command of the Arkansas division of infantry, at the battles of Pleasant Hill and Jenkins' Ferry. He continued in division command until the close of the war.
Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne, one of the most brilliant soldiers of the Confederate States, was a native of Ireland. When twenty-two years of age he joined the British army as a private, and there took his first lessons in drill and discipline. For good conduct he was promoted to the rank of corporal. After remaining three years in the British army he procured his discharge and came to America. He settled in Arkansas, became a hard student, was admitted to the bar, and the year 1861 found him practicing law in Helena, enjoying in his profession and in society the honorable position which his toil and native worth had gained for him. He was among the first to answer the call to arms. He raised a company and with it joined the First, afterward known as the Fifteenth Arkansas regiment, of which he was almost unanimously elected colonel. His first campaign was with General Hardee in Missouri. At its close he went with Hardee to Bowling Green, Ky. He had during this short military service so impressed his superiors that he was assigned to command of a brigade, and on March 4, 1862, was commissioned brigadier-general. At the battle of Shiloh he proved that his abilities had not been overestimated,
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