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[403] entered upon the task of helping to restore the fallen fortunes of the South. He spent the latter years of his life in business at Atlanta, Ga., where he died about 1894.

Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman

Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman was born in Tennessee in November, 1818. He received a common school education, then studied law and moved to Mississippi. He was engaged in his professional business when the Mexican war aroused the country to arms. Forsaking peaceful pursuits, he went as lieutenant in one of the Mississippi regiments. Returning home after the war he again took up his former occupation. From 1858 to 1861 he served in Congress as a representative from Arkansas. He was intensely Southern, believing with all his heart in the justice of the position taken by his section. Of course, it was to be expected that a man of his views would be quick to take up arms. He entered the army and was appointed colonel of the Second Arkansas infantry, June 21, 1861, and brigadier-general September 28, 1861. His first service was in Arkansas under Gen. William J. Hardee, with whom he crossed the Mississippi when everything possible was being concentrated at Bowling Green, Ky. He and his brigade took a conspicuous part in the battle of Shiloh. He was wounded in this battle, and promoted to major-general April 18, 1862. On the 26th of May he was assigned to the command of the Trans-Mississippi district, and hastening to Little Rock, he established his headquarters there on May 31st, and took command of his district. He had to create an army and restore order and confidence. This he quickly did; for he was a man of great energy and administrative ability of the very highest order. He declared martial law, sent his provostmar-shals in every direction, and enforced the conscript law in the most rigid manner. His recruiting officers went all over northern Arkansas and even into Missouri. He established shops for the manufacture of all needed supplies,

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