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[416] with orders to report to General Price in the TransMis-sissippi department. He served the Confederacy faithfully to the end.


Brigadier-General J. C. Tappan

Brigadier-General J. C. Tappan supported the action of his State by promptly offering his military service. It was in the month of May, 1861, that Arkansas passed her ordinance of secession, and in that same month the Thirteenth Arkansas was organized, with J. C. Tappan as its colonel. This force was sent to the army under Gen. Leonidas Polk, and was stationed at Belmont in a brigade commanded by Gideon J. Pillow. On the 7th of November, 1861, General Grant attacked the Confederate army at Belmont, intending to destroy their camp and capture its defenders. At first Grant was successful, but was finally repulsed, barely escaping by the aid of his gunboats. On this occasion Colonel Tappan had posted his regiment in a most advantageous position for repelling the enemy's attack, but his plan was altered by General Pillow, and this proved to be a mistake which came near losing the battle. Gen. Leonidas Polk in his report commended ‘Colonel Tappan and his regiment for the promptness with which they prepared to receive the enemy, and the determined courage with which they sustained their part of the general conflict.’ Colonel Tappan led his regiment in the battle of Shiloh. It was attached at that time to the brigade of A. P. Stewart, which made, with other brigades, assault after assault upon the memorable ‘Hornets' nest,’ and in the dreadful ordeal held its ground until W. H. L. Wallace's position was turned, when, the whole line advancing, their stout opponents were driven back. Again in Kentucky, at Richmond and at Perryville, his gallant regiment sustained its former reputation. On November 5, 1862, Colonel Tappan was commissioned brigadier-general and sent to the Trans-Mississippi. He commanded a brigade through 1863 in the army under Gen. Sterling Price

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