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[35] steep bluff with McCulloch and McIntosh at their head, and Rosser's and O'Kane's battalions following, broke through the thick brush and charged right upon the Federal battery.

Sigel's whole force took to instant flight, abandoning five of the six guns and throwing themselves for safety into the bushes which lined both sides of the Fayetteville road. Here they got separated; Sigel and Salomon, with about 200 of the Germans, and Carr's company of United States cavalry, tried to make their way back to Springfield by the same route they came, but they were set upon by Lieutenant-Colonel Major, with some mounted Missourians and Texans; and the Germans, being abandoned by Captain Carr, who made good his escape, were nearly all either killed, wounded, or made prisoners. Sigel, himself, got into Springfield with one man only. Another part of his column made its way to Little York, and the other to Springfield.

Lyon, finding that his men were giving way, brought forward a section of Totten's batters with a strong support to the right and front of his own line, and enfiladed the Confederates at 200 yards, Totten and Gordon Granger helping to work the guns. McCulloch, who had gone with Churchill up Bloody hill, diverted this fire by returning in all haste to the valley and sending Carroll's Arkansas cavalry and five companies of Greer's mounted Texans to turn Lyon's right and charge these guns in rear. The ground was ill adapted to the operations of cavalry, and Greer and Carroll were finally driven back. But this movement relieved Price, nevertheless, and at the same time so increased Lyon's anxiety that he ordered the First Iowa to the front, and brought Steele's battalion of regulars to the further support of Totten.

Up to this time (10 o'clock) the infantry of Pearce's brigade—three fine regiments, Gratiot's, Dockery's and Walker's—more than ,700 strong, had not fired a shot, nor had Graves' Missouri regiment, about 300 strong, that ought to have followed Weightman into battle. There they lay, just across the creek, not half a mile away, with nothing to do and doing nothing. Price galloped over to Gratiot during the pause in the fight, while Greer and Carroll were attempting to flank Lyon's right, and begged for assistance. Gratiot, who had served under Price in Mexico, and loved and honored him, did

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