previous next
[38] waiting for the enemy's next onslaught, or for Price's order to attack, and ready for either. Suddenly a cry rang along the ranks that the Federals were retreating; that they had already stolen away and were ascending the hill from which they had begun the attack upon Rains at dawn; that they had at last abandoned the field for which they had fought so bravely and so well against unconquerable odds. Springing to their feet, the Confederates gave utterance to their unspeakable relief and to their unbounded joy with that exultant cry which is never heard except upon a battlefield whereon its victors stand.

Colonel Snead foots up the casualties of the battle as follows: Union, killed, 258; wounded, 873; missing, 186; total, 1,317. Confederate, killed, 279; wounded, 951; total, 1,230. He estimates the number of Confederates engaged on Bloody hill at 4,239; Union 3,500, of whom about 1,000 were regular troops, consisting of four companies of infantry under Plummer, four companies Second infantry under Steele, one company First cavalry under Canfield, and two light batteries Second artillery under Totten and Du Bois. Confederate artillery, fifteen pieces; United States artillery, including battery with Sigel, sixteen pieces. The Federal troops were vastly superior in arms and ammunition.

General Lyon, when he advanced beyond Springfield and concluded to fall back upon that place, had sent this dispatch: ‘Prudence seems now to indicate the necessity of withdrawing, if possible, from the country, and falling back upon either St. Louis or Kansas; St. Louis via Rolla will most likely be selected, with a view to reinforcements and supplies.’ He added a list of his forces, made up ‘from recollection, not having returns for some time past, in consequence of the troops having been scattered around in the vicinity of Springfield,’ the total of which he put at 5,868 men, which exceeds Colonel Snead's estimate by 2,318.

Brig.-Gen. Ben McCulloch, in his official report, after describing the preliminary operations, said:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Springfield, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (2)
Rolla, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (1)
Kansas (Kansas, United States) (1)
Bloody Hill (Missouri, United States) (1)
hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Thomas L. Snead (2)
Benjamin C. Totten (1)
Frederick Steele (1)
Sigel (1)
Rains (1)
Sterling Price (1)
Plummer (1)
Ben McCulloch (1)
Nathaniel Lyon (1)
Du Bois (1)
Canfield (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: