In taking a survey of the operations of the Texas
troops in the numerous battles in which they were engaged in Texas
, the large number of promotions for meritorious conduct in them will attract attention as a remarkable result.
Maj. John Henry Brown
, who was an officer in the army from nearly the first to the last, in his valuable history of Texas
reported that of Texans in the army, ‘one became a general, Albert Sidney Johnston
, the highest rank; one lieutenant-general, John B. Hood
; three major-generals, Samuel B. Maxey
, John A. Wharton
and Thomas Green
; 32 brigadier-generals
, 97 colonels, and 15 commanders of battalions.’
Nearly all of those officers attained the ranks mentioned from lower ranks, by their valor in battles.
It would occupy too much space to mention each one of them and describe the conduct which caused his promotion, if such a thing were practicable, which it is not now. It may not be improper to speak of five of them who were educated at West Point
, as follows:
Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston
was a native of Kentucky
, and after graduating at West Point
in 1826 entered the army.
He resigned his position and came to Texas
in 1836, and in 1837 was placed at the head of the Texas
army, and afterward was adjutant-general under President Lamar
His headright of land, located in eastern Texas
, is evidence of his permanent citizenship in Texas
In 1846 he became a colonel in the Mexican
war, and afterward commanded a Federal regiment in service in California
, from which he resigned, went overland through Texas
, and was appointed general and assigned to command in Kentucky
He was wounded, and died in April, 1862.
This meager statement of the splendid career of this great general is sufficient to bring to view the question why it is claimed that he was a Texas officer in the Confederate army.
While in command of his regiment in different States, he was in them as a