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[143] mere sojourner, liable to be assigned any day to any other State. His citizenship remained in Texas, and he, it was said, claimed to be a Texan in entering the Confederate service. Under the Constitution of the United States, before the adoption of the Fourteenth amendment in 1868, a person was a citizen of the United States only relatively, by being a citizen of a State, to which his allegiance was due. Hence it was that Robert E. Lee, Sidney Johnston and a number of other officers of the United States army, when the war broke out, resigned and went to the States that claimed their allegiance and took service in the Confederate army. One of the leading objects of the Congress after the war, which caused the Southern senators and representatives to be excluded from their seats in it, was to transfer the allegiance of every person to the United States, which was done by the Fourteenth amendment, thereby attempting to change the Federal government (instituted originally by the constitution) to a National government, with the absolute right to construe and exercise its own powers, with no capacity left the States to protect their previously conceded reserved rights.

Gen. John B. Hood, as it was reported, claimed Texas as his State, perhaps from his having served on our frontier as an officer. Gen. Horace Randal was born in Texas, and so was Colonel McNeill, both of whom, and General Maxey, were educated at West Point. A peculiar case was that of Adam R. Johnson. He was a citizen of Texas and a surveyor. He went back to his native State, Kentucky, became a scout for General Morgan, got a separate command, operated with it in the Federal lines, mostly in Kentucky, and rose to the rank of brigadier-general. He was wounded, causing the loss of his eyesight. He came back to Texas a blind man. He has raised a family and is the founder of Marble Falls, destined to be a great manufacturing city.

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