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[229] of two companies of Texas cavalry. His force formed a part of John H. Morgan's command. When Kirby Smith entered Kentucky, in August, 1862, he ordered Colonel Morgan to report to him at Lexington, in the blue grass region. On the 28th of August, Morgan entered Kentucky with his force consisting of the Second Kentucky cavalry, 700 strong, and Gano's squadron, 150 strong. When he reached Lexington, September 4th, he found Kirby Smith already there. Taking Gano with him, and the recruits, of whom he had collected a good number, he started to go to the assistance of Marshall, in eastern Kentucky, who was expected to intercept the Federal General Morgan, retreating from Cumberland Gap, and detain him until Stevenson could overtake and attack him in the rear. Though this scheme did not work, Morgan's command performed many brilliant exploits. He had gone into Kentucky with about 900 effective troops, and came out with a force nearly 2,000 strong, admirably mounted and well armed, and, as Gen. Basil Duke says, ‘the recruits were fully the equals of the original Morgan men in spirit, intelligence, and capacity to endure.’ His own loss in the campaign was not more than 100 in killed and wounded, while he had taken nearly 2,000 prisoners. During the next year Colonel Gano was sent into the Trans-Mississippi department and assigned to the Indian Territory, where he commanded a brigade of Texas cavalry—regiments of Colonels DeMorse, Martin, Gurley, Duff, Hardeman, Lieutenant-Colonel Showalter's battalion, Captain Welch's company, and the light batteries of Captains Howell and Krumbhaar. When Banks and Steele had been defeated, in the Red river campaign, and while Price was getting ready to march into Missouri, the Confederate troops under Maxey, Cooper and Gano made demonstrations against Fort Smith and Fort Gibson. So well did Colonel Gano perform his part in all these operations that he was promoted to brigadier-general by Gen. E. Kirby Smith. Soon after this the war came to

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