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[243] Mexican war, he raised a picked company of Texas Rangers, with their own horses and arms. One of his most brilliant achievements as a scout was his advance of 100 miles into the enemy's country, where he ascertained the exact strength of Santa Afia's forces, and gave to General Taylor the plan of retreat to the impregnable position of La Angostura, which was afterward the battlefield of Buena Vista. In this battle it was his command which had the honor of being sent forward to ascertain the strength and position of the Mexican forces, and he led the opening charge of the battle. He was afterward made quartermaster and promoted to the rank of major. He and a few picked spies performed valuable service in the capture of the city of Mexico. In 1849, when the gold fever was at its height in California, he went to that region, and was soon chosen sheriff of Sacramento county, while his old comrade, of the Texas Rangers, Jack Hays, became sheriff of San Francisco county, offices in which the two won great renown. He returned to Texas in 1852, and was appointed United States marshal of the eastern district of that State, and was reappointed by President Buchanan. In February, 1861, with the rank of colonel, he was in command of State troops, and obtained the surrender of the Federal posts at San Antonio and elsewhere. Subsequently commissioned brigadier-general, May 14, 1861, in the Confederate service, he was assigned to the command of the troops in Arkansas, and rendered valuable service in their organization. Joining General Price in Missouri, he had chief command of the Confederates at the battle of Wilson's Creek, in which he won a glorious victory. In the spring of 1862, under the command of General Van Dorn, he led his brigade and the cavalry brigade of General McIntosh against the Federals at Elkhorn tavern, and at the opening of that bloody struggle, while reconnoitering the Federal lines, rode directly into a party of sharpshooters, and was mortally wounded by a

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