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 and took part in the Mississippi campaign of Gen. Jos. E. Johnston. In December, 1863, he was especially honored by President Davis, by assignment to command of the Indian Territory. He soon brought about a complete reorganization, enlisted and equipped 8,000 men, and, in 1864, with these troops, advanced to the assistance of Gen. Sterling Price during the Red river campaign. At Poison Spring, on April 8, 1864, he made a most brilliant and effective attack on a part of the army of Gen. Frederick Steele, and captured the Federal wagon train and many prisoners. This victory won for him promotion to major-general. Returning to command in the Territory, he also performed the duties of superintendent of Indian affairs. He directed many important military movements, and it was under his orders that Gen. Stand Watie (a Cherokee Indian) and General Gano made large and important captures. He was given command of a cavalry division in 1865. Returning to the practice of law, after the close of the war, he was elected Supreme court judge, which office he declined. In 1874 he was elected to the United States Senate, took his seat March 5, 1875, and was re-elected January 25, 1881. While in the Senate, he efficiently served on the committees on Territories, on military operations, on education and labor, and was chairman of the committee on postoffices. His labors to secure frontier protection were of great value. He advocated liberal appropriations for the improvement of rivers and harbors, the enlargement of postal facilities, and was the author of a bill which was the first to assert the right of way to railroads through Indian Territory, to facilitate immigration and commerce.
Brigadier-General John C. Moore was born in Tennessee and was appointed from that State to the United States military academy, entering that institution July 1, 1845, and four years later graduating, with promotion to brevet second lieutenant of the Fourth artillery. He
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